Glossary


amino acids:

are the smallest building blocks of proteins (proteins). They are vital for the human body and are in addition to the nucleic acids of the basic building blocks of life. We distinguish between essential amino acids that are ingested with food and non-essential amino acids that are produced by the body itself.

antioxidants:

Micronutrients can be described as, among other antioxidants, they protect the organism against aggressive oxidizing agents, also called “free radicals”.

asthenozoospermia:

Reduction of sperm motility by> 50%. The sperm are either immobile or slow down.

Azoospermia:

Absence of mature and immature sperm in the ejaculate

ejaculate:

Semen from sperm and secretions from the prostate and seminal vesicles

fertility:

It begins with puberty in males and remains there until old age, the fertility decreases with age. In women, it begins with the menarche (first menstrual period) and ends with the menopause. With age decrease sperm quality and number of eggs.

infertility:

According to WHO, a couple is considered infertile if after “A year of unprotected regular intercourse” no conception takes place.

Macro-and micronutrients :

Life requires energy and this can only be established on the path of combustion ( oxidation). Macronutrients (carbohydrates , fats, proteins) that serve are included in the diet as an energy supplier or oxidizing agents. In order to allow a moderate oxidation enzymes are required and excipients . These so-called adjuvants , the organism can not produce themselves , but they must be taken with food as micronutrients . The nature thus supplied through food macronutrients that serve as fuel and micronutrients essential auxiliaries , the organism only support dietary fat , but not to burn his own . In this way, the body may protect against oxidative stress. One can imagine that an imbalance in the supply of macro and micro nutrients can damage the body . If the fuels are increased and decreased the auxiliaries , then take the ” self-immolation damage ” to the body. Micronutrients can be described as , among other antioxidants, they protect the organism against aggressive oxidizing agents , also called “free radicals” .

Micronutrients:

Are vital substances in food, dietetic foods and food supplements. Everyone needs a different requirement of micronutrients. You to include vitamins, amino acids, trace elements, minerals, fatty acids and phytochemicals. In order to keep the body strong and efficient and to promote healing, it needs at least the required daily amount of such nutrients.

Minerals:

are inorganic vital nutrients must be supplied to the body through diet (eg zinc, selenium). There are lot of elements (found in large concentrations in the organism) of trace elements (in small concentrations occurring) distinction.

normozoospermia:

normal quality of sperm. The number of sperm is about 20 million per milliliter of ejaculate, 30% are normally shaped and 50% good move.

oligozoospermia:

The number of sperm is significantly reduced (<10 Mill / ml ejaculate)

Sertoli cell-only syndrome:

a Germinalaplasie (special form of testicular infertility). Absence of spermatozoa.

spermatogenesis:

Seed maturation. The development of the spermatogonia to sperm cell takes at least 64 days. It is hormonally controlled and is very sensitive to endogenous and exogenous influences. About 1000 sperm are produced per second that are approximately three to four million per hour. A balanced diet, nicotine and alcohol waiver, relaxation and regular physical activity has a positive effect on the sperm cell formation.

semen analysis:

It provides information on the semen quality and thus shed light on male fertility. Since the seed quality may vary in the ejaculate should be collected for the diagnosis of “infertility” always two semen analysis. The following parameters are evaluated: sperm density, motility, morphology.

sperm:

are mature germ cells (sperm).

teratozoospermia:

> 40% dysmorphic, abnormal shaped sperm.

varicocele:

Varicose veins in the testicles

vitamins:

are essential organic food ingredients. In the absence of supply, deficiency symptoms (eg, vitamin E, folic acid). They are particularly important for the immune system and the nervous system and act as antioxidants protect the body from free radicals.